The Borough, Brooklyn

When it comes to mentioning the significant boroughs of New York City, Brooklyn is the very first name that comes into our minds. The borough has a rich history of colonization and urbanization following it. It has undergone lots of changes throughout the ages. During the era of colonization, European settlement took place. In the post-independence age, a surge of urbanization happened in the city. Brooklyn includes 97 square miles in area, of which 71 square miles is land and 26 miles is water. The water border in the borough is wide enough including Jamaica Bay, the Atlantic Ocean, the Narrows, Upper New York Bay, etc.

The climate of the area is mostly cold and dry. The humid subtropical climate of Brooklyn is influenced moderately by the Atlantic Ocean. The borough receives nearly 234 days of sunlight annually.

The Neighbourhood of Brooklyn

The neighborhood of Brooklyn is diverse and dynamic. The neighborhood includes Brownsville, Midwood, and so on. All of them are full of ethnic varieties. New York City plays a significant role as a crossroad for immigration from around the world and that is why Brooklyn has evolved as a borough with a globally cosmopolitan nature. It includes a wide arena of demographic and cultural ethnicity. Different races, religions, nationalities are available in this borough. Various cultural groups are there including Jewish Americans, Chinese Americans, Caribbean Americans, Latino Americans, Polish Americans, Irish Americans, Greek Americans, Italian Americans, and so on.

Streets at Brooklyn

Brooklyn has wide public transit. The New York City subway services include Franklin Avenue Shuttle etc. A large number of Brooklyn residents use the subway to travel to Manhattan. However, some of the neighborhoods like Flatlands and Marine Park do not have proper subway service. Major subway stations include Atlantic Avenue, Jay Street, DeKalb Avenue, Coney Island, etc. Brooklyn once had an extensive bus network along with wide streetcar networks. Also, New York’s famous yellow cabs provide transportation in Brooklyn. Three railway stations are there: Nostrand Avenue, East New York, Atlantic Terminal. Often driveway contractors and other specialists are hired to repair the areas.

Know More about the Streets and Sidewalks

The concrete contractors are assigned to perform the repair works on the sidewalks, streets, roadways, and highways. Mostly, you will find the expressways and parkways in the western and southern sections of Brooklyn. The various expressways and roadways include Gowanus Expressway, Brooklyn-Queens Expressway, Jackie Robinson Expressway, and so on. There are multiple thoroughfares e.g. King’s Highway, Atlantic Avenue, Fourth Avenue, Bay Parkway, Flatbush Avenue, Pennsylvania Avenue, and so on. Brooklyn mostly has well-maintained sidewalks and named streets.

The western sections of the borough have the numbered streets. The borough is connected to Manhattan by three bridges: the Brooklyn, Manhattan, and Williamsburg Bridges. Also, the Brooklyn-Battery tunnel and several subway tunnels are there to connect Brooklyn to Manhattan. The Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge connects the borough to the suburban boroughs of Staten Island. Brooklyn shares several water crossings with Queens. The bridges hereby include Grand Street Bridge, Pulaski Bridge, Greenpoint Avenue Bridge, Marine Parkway Bridge, etc. The Marine Parkway Bridge connects Brooklyn to the Rockaway Peninsula. The bridges are often repaired by specialists providing services like sidewalk violation removal service, sidewalk patchwork repair service, etc.

The Growth and Development of Brooklyn

Brooklyn actually grew gradually step by step. It didn’t emerge out of the blue. As we have discussed earlier, Brooklyn holds a rich history of establishments. It slowly became what it is today. This current large land mass was divided into six sub-sections. The largest one was Flatbush. The history still has its sign on the names of the streets. There are streets with the names of Dutch Ancestry. Most of these are in Brooklyn Heights, earlier known as Brooklyn Village.

There is the renowned King’s Highway. Some call it a Native American Footpath. Just like Flatbush Avenue, it has a significant heritage associated with it. It is said that Lady Deborah Moody was once invited by the Dutch to settle Gravesend as a buffer against Native American attacks. Later, this incident has left its sign as Lady Moody Triangle and various street names on the incidents. The streets now are called Village Square East, North, and South. Several streets are named for weapons. Among these famous ones is Gatling Place for the Gatling gun. Also, it is associated with Richard Gatling. Parrot place is associated with Robert Parrot who invented a type of cannon. There are Dahlgren places, Battery Avenue, Monitor Street, etc.

The Detailed History of Brooklyn Streets Names

By the 19th century, developers however thought over the fact that anglophiles are attracted to British names, so a variety of Anglican names came up in the real estate market in alphabetical orders. First, it came in Flatbush and, later in Manhattan Beach.
Usually, street names cannot be changed instantly as it requires new mapping and changing of signs and addresses. But in the 1930s, a mass alteration took place. Some of the alterations include only the spelling corrections while some of them showcase the anglicized effort of simplification. There are some political or patriotic changes as well. Streets with German names were attributed with Americanized names during World War-1. For example, Dresden Street has named Highland Place; Hamburg Avenue changed as Wilson Avenue and Vienna Avenue became Lorraine Avenue to pay the tribute to France and Alsace-Lorraine.

There are some streets majorly located in Williamsburg, declaring the honored sign of independence. They are scattered in Carroll Gardens, Flatbush, and Fort Greene. A few notable names are found in the street names e.g. Rip Van Dam, Malcolm X, Marcus Garvey. Franklin Street is named after John Franklin, a signer of declaration. Gilmore Court is named after Patrick Gilmore, bandleader, and composer.

DOT’s Liability for Sidewalk Maintenance and Repair

DOT holds itself liable for the maintenance of the city’s 12750 miles of sidewalks. It ensures the safety of pedestrians. It also helped to prevent injuries caused by flawed sidewalks. DOT replaces more than 2 million square feet of sidewalk annually. These replacements are done by professional sidewalk contractors mostly on city-owned property and in residential neighborhoods. Though they handle this huge amount of repair, it is not enough considering the long sidewalk structures of Brooklyn and different areas in NYC. The sidewalks in the city are largely maintained by the property owners. The property owners are liable to maintain the sidewalks adjacent to their properties. Being a property owner, if you fail to remove the sidewalk violation at right time, it may lead to a violation notice from DOT. As per section 19-152b of the NYC Administrative Code, property owners must take responsibility for maintaining the sidewalks. DOT is always ready to inspect the sidewalks and if any damages are found, DOT hires private construction workers for the repair works. And after the repair work is done, the property owners are handed over the bill. They are asked to pay the cost of the whole work. It may be higher than the supposed cost when you hire a sidewalk contractor for repair work. So, it is always better to repair any kind of damages on sidewalks before the DOT’s involvement in the matter.

Expediate Sidewalk Repair Program

You can use DOT’s Expediate Sidewalk Repair Program facility to remove the violation from the sidewalk. With this repair program, DOT will take care of the repair and ask you to pay the bill. The best part is after this repair work, no further inspection takes place. But, some properties are not eligible to receive expediate repair service. The properties include the ones that are scheduled for capital reconstruction. Also, it includes commercial properties. The properties with four or more residential units, vaulted sidewalks, or with prominent sidewalk treatments are not eligible for thew expediate repair.

The Recent Changes in Violation Notice announced by DOT

Recently, DOT has announced some recent changes in the violation notice process. It is said that the city will not issue any violation notice or impose any liens on 1-, 2-, and 3-family properties that have sidewalk damages caused by City trees. It was mentioned that DOT will review existing notices of violation to decide which damages are due to city trees. If any such damage is found, the lien is supposed to be canceled by the government. There is another rule as well. If you are a property owner with sidewalks adjacent to it and want to sell or refinance your property, you can request the removal of the lien. But you must provide the necessary documents beforehand. You can ask for removal by e-mail or any other online mode. In the mail, you must include your name, property address, and the description of the place where you are planning to sell or refinance your property. You have to mail your request to the Department of Transportation Commissioner.

DOT’s Tips for Picking up the Best Contractor

Now, how to pick up the best contractor for your sidewalk repair task? DOT itself has mentioned some of the tips for hiring the best contractor for your sidewalk violation removal. The guide emphasizes hiring a licensed home improvement contractor. You can check whether your contractor is licensed or not, by calling 311. Or else you can visit the search for a DCA Licensee page. You can also get references about the contractor’s complaint history with DCA by calling 311. Also, at least three reputable references are needed to ensure the credibility of the contractor. DOT also suggests getting a written estimate always while hiring a contractor. You must calculate the right amount of cost for your home improvement work. You can get the proper calculation when you take an estimate from at least three contractors. Under the home improvement business law, any contractor is bound to provide a written estimate o request of the property owners. Also, the DOT suggests using DCA‘s home improvement model contract. DCA’s model contract is quite easy to use. It covers the breadth of a home improvement project. The whole coverage includes materials, equipment, prices, payments, and work schedules. The DOT suggests not paying cash to the contractors without proper documents and paper works.

Call To Action

For any kind of sidewalk repair task including sidewalk patchwork, new steel curb installation, bluestone sidewalk curb repair, etc, you can contact Sidewalk ContractorsIN. Being a renowned sidewalk repair company, it offers services to the people of the areas in Brooklyn. With proper knowledge and understanding of the DOT regulations, we offer excellent services to our clients.